The House of David

"dawnbreak in the west"

Saturday, July 29, 2017

The Bodrogkeresztúr culture

Razib points to a network of the Chalcolithic / arsenical-bronze-age copper trade. The network covers - depending on your field of archaeology - Macedonia, Moesia, Wallachia. This is 6000 to 3000 BC, so, before the Egyptians, east-Semites, Sumerians, and Elamites were writing much. As of the last two "periods" in the study, 4100-3200 BC, those languages were at least in place. I'm pondering who was in place in the southern Balkans in the fourth millennium BC.

Inside the network the map implies three nations. "Module 0" was eastern Serbian, geographically; copper mineral-only artefacts. "Module 1" - later - based itself in roughly the same region, with a western colony: Gornja Tuzia. "Module 2" had a few towns in Macedonia but its main base was the southern Danube foothills, Moesia. These networks may even have spoken their own languages.

In 4100, "Module 2" collapsed. Period 6 begins with the Bodrogkeresztúr culture. This was apparently a revival of "Module 0". This looks like a distributed culture of mostly-equal towns. It projected some colonies of its own, mostly to the south, like Prizren and Harampijska-dupka (damned if I can pronounce that).

This lasted until 3700-3200 BC, currently a dark-age in the archaeology. I'll leave this to future research.

As I look at the non-affected parts of this map, I think it safe to set Anatolians - maybe even proto-Palaic - at the Dardanelles. At the mouth of the Danube, some late-stage Indo-European people will be driving about; I would guess at something Aryan, like (very) old Kurdish, Mitannic, or Ossetic. The Greek mainland will be Pelasgian at this point which means, we don't know, but it'll contribute to the Greek language later. This leaves the area of the networks; and Dacia / Transylvania.

Given that: behind the fall of Module 2 in 4100 BC, I see an Indo-European invasion. Before the "Sons Of Aryas" the Danube plain was likely full of peaceful farmers, living symbiotically with the Moesian miners. Once charioteers and horsemen were charging across those plains instead, that's less demand for copper farming-tools. Copper production moved back to where it was safer - the west.

The Bodrogkeresztúr possibly adopted an Indo-European language itself. If so it did so on its own terms, like the Germans.

To me it looks like Bodrogkeresztúr were the ancestors to the Phrygians, Armenians, and Greeks. I'd like to see a non-IE loanword comparison between what survives of each.

posted by Zimri on 10:12 | link | 0 comments

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