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Sunday, November 13, 2016
When did Elam become Sugarland?
Eleven years ago I wrote some stuff about Sugarland, Khuzistan in Semito-Iranian. Yesterday I bought Watson's book on Agricultural innovation. Sugar cane takes up the fifth chapter: pp. 24-30, notes pp. 159-62.
On page 26, Watson states, and over p. 160 nn. 12-13, argues, that sugar went uncultivated in the Eranshahr until very late. He finds a loud "dog that did not bark" from Khusro I's tax law (< 578 AD), which - if sugar were grown under his banner - would assuredly have noted that crop. Ditto the Bavli Talmud. To Moses Khorenatsi in Armenia, our region was still classical Elymais (=Elam); the "Pahlavi Text" recalls sugar as the treat of kings.
Under the second Khusro, Watson and I are seeing (much) stronger evidence for Sasanian sugar. Theophanes records blocks of sugar, presumably large blocks, captured as booty during the Last Persian War. The Sui annal for 629 notes sugar as a "Persian" export crop, just as the Chinese note for the second half of that century. We are unsure what to make of Moses' earlier mention; Watson thinks its text in the seventh century has undergone an update.
By the way, Altara has provided a translation of the Khuzistan Chronicle. I don't know who did the actual work of translation, nor from what - Syriac? If from Altara herself, my guess would be, from French. If not, treat as "anon".
UPDATE 2/25/2017: so, about the name...
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